Fars is one of the 31 Provinces of Iran. It is in the country and its center is Shiraz. The province divided into 18 counties, which include Abadeh, Arsanjan, Estahban, Eqlid, Bovanat, Jahrum, Khoram Bid, Darab, Sepeedan, Abad, Kazeroon, tar, Lamed, Marvdasht, Mamasani, Nayreez, and Shiraz as a provincial capital. Fars is the original homeland of the Persian people. The native name of the Persian Language is Farsi or Parsi.
People and culture
The people of this province have a history of having a simple living and being a capable people who are determined and effective warriors and fighters whenever circumstances made it necessary.
They have gained such a reputation as being excellent, if not the best, equestrian in Iran. The people of this province, while having the more common Pahlevani wrestling/combat style of the deep-rooted traditional Zurkhaneh, which exists everywhere in all provinces, also have their own style of wrestling/unarmed combat as well (as do other provinces). The style called Jangi. The province has various unique traditions and rituals relative to the ‘tribal’ lifestyles. Special forms of music, dance, and clothing are noteworthy.
City of Shiraz
Shiraz is located in the south of Iran and the northwest of Fars Province. It built in a green plane at the foot of the Zagros Mountains 1500 meters (5200 ft.) above sea level. Shiraz is 919 Kilometers (571 miles) south of Tehran.
In the 13th century, Shiraz became a leading center of the arts and letters and the presence of many Persian scholars and artists. Shiraz is the city of poets and flowers. It is also considered by many Iranians to be the city of gardens. There are many old gardens in Shiraz such as the Eram garden and the Afif Abad. Shiraz is the land of poets, mystics, and philosophers among the important Iranian born in Shiraz were the Sa’di and Hafez the mystic Roozbehan and the philosopher Mulla Sadra.
Hafez was a Persian Mystic and Poet. He was born sometime between the years 1310 and 1337 in Shiraz and is one of the greatest Poets of the world. His lyrical poems, known as Ghazals, beauty and bring to fruition the love, mysticism, and early Sufi themes that had long pervaded Persian Poetry. The mausoleum of Hafez is located in Hafeziyeh north of the city of Shiraz. The mausoleum of Saadi is located in Shiraz.
The crafts of Shiraz consist of inlaid mosaic work of triangular sign; silverware, pile carpet weaving, Gilim, textile products, wood products, metalwork, and rugs.
Sassani Palace is in Abadeh, the castle of Izad Khast in Aghlid. Castles of Mehrak, Khorsheh, and Gabar, are in Jahroom. Naghsh-e Rostam, Shapour, fire temple of Azarakhsh, Azarjo and Hakhamesh are in the city of Darab. Gardens of Golshan, Aram, Delgosha, Chehel Tan, Haft Tan, Jahan Nema, Takht, Gardens of Saadi, Hafez, castle of Abunasr, citadel of Karim Khani, Mansions of Ilkhani, Bagh Neshat, Bagh Nazar, castle of Ajdaha (dragon), Paykar, bathhouses of Neshat, Vakil, Bazaars of Vakil, new, old schools of Khan, Aga Baba Khan, fire temple of Pasargard, Samikan are in city of Shiraz. Castle of Zahak in Fasa. Fire temple of Kenar Siyah, Farash Band, caravanserai of Sassani and Galeh Doukhtar are in Firoz Abad.
Naghsh-e Shapour (petrography of Shapour), the ancient city of Bashapour are in Kazeroon. Castle of Gadamgah is in Lare Remaining of the old city Estakhr, Persepolis, petrography of Tang Boragi and Naghsh-e Rajab are in Marvdasht. Old bridges of Fahlian and Naghsh-e Bahram are in Mamasani.
Protected wildlife zones of Basiran and Toot Siyah are in Abadeh. Recreational area of Bardaneh, Forest park of Estahban, Kaftar Lake, springs of Balangan, Gadamgah, Chono, Muhammad Rasoul Allah, Beautiful fall of Dashtak Abarj in Aghlid. Recreational area of Beniz is in Jahrom. Recreational area of Jonjan, Tang lay- Zangon, and Abband in Darab. Spring of Sepeedan, lakes of Maharlou, Arjan, springs of Khargon Varchi recreation area of Fily, spring of Salmani, Barm Valk, Chah maski, Mian Kotal, Band Bahman, Nation Park of Bemo in the city of Shiraz and recreation area of Mian Jangal in Fasa. Spring of Firetemple, Tongab, Tang Khergeh and recreation area of Shahid are in Firoz Abad. Beautiful Lake of Parishan is in Kazeron. Preserved area of Hermodlar, springs of Abu Almehdi and Bozaband Margon Fall are in Marvdasht. Recreational area of Dimehmil, hot water spring of Sarab Bahram are in Mamasani.