Kerman province is located in the central south-east of Iran and its capital is Kerman the counties of the province are: Baft, Bardseer, Bam, Jirooft, Raver, Rafsanjan, Zarand, Sirjon, Shahr-e Babak, Kerdman, Kahnoj, and Kerman (12 Counties). The North, North West and the central portion of the province is mild and dry to the south, southeast hot, and semi damp.
For the Iranian Paleontologists, Kerman considered a fossil paradise. Finding new dinosaur footprints in 2005 has now revealed new hopes for Paleontologists to understand better the history of this area.
Kerman capital of Kerman province is located on a high margin of Kavir-e Lut in the central south of the country and distance of 1,076 km (669 mi) south of Tehran. Kerman mentioned by the Greeks by the name Karamani.
Historical documents also refer to Kerman as Karmania, Kermania, and Zhermanya. The city was probably founded by the Sassanid king Ardashir 1 in the 3rd century, and for the reason, it was called “Ardasheer Khoreh”. Iranians used to call it Guasheer. It believed, that Kerman founded as early as the 3rd century by Ardeshir l, founder of the Sassanian dynasty. In Islamic time, Kerman was one of the important cultural centers of Iran.
Kerman was under the Seljuk Turks in the 11th and 12th cent., but remained virtually independent, conquering Oman and Fars. When Marco Polo visited the city in 1271, it had become a major trade emporium linking the Persian Gulf with Khorasan and Central Asia., the city sacked many times by various invaders. Kerman expanded rapidly during the Safavid Dynasty. Carpets and rugs exported to England and Germany during this period.
In 1793, Lotf Ali Khan defeated the Qajars and in 1794 captured Kerman. Soon, Agha Mohammad Khan besieged him in Kerman for six months. The present city of Kerman rebuilt in the nineteenth century to the northwest of the old city, but it did not recover until the twentieth century.
The most important historical sites in Kerman Province are: Old and new citadel (arg) of the city of Bam, the castle of Samooran is in Jiroft. Bagh-e Sangi is in Sirjon. Collections of literary work of Ganjali Khan, caravansaries of Chahar Sogh, Vakil, Mirza Ali-Naghi, Lahaf Dozha, Haj Mehdi, Hendoha (Indian), Haj Agha Ali, schools of Ganj Alli Khan, Hayati, Ibrahim Khon, bazaars of Arg Square, old neighborhood of Darvazeh Vakil, Naseri, and Gonbadan Gate in Kerman and the archeological ancient city of Jiroft is located south of Kerman.
Most important religious attractions in Kerman Province are: the holy shrine of Imam Shah Suliman, Mosque of Sabahi in Rafsanjan, Mosques of Jam-e and Chehel Soton (forty pillars) are in Kerman.
The countryside of Kabri, citrus and date yards, the summer residence of Delfard and Darb-e Behesht, are in Jiroft, spring of Hussein Abad, Ghasem Abad, and Abadavaran are in Rafsanjan. Mineral spring is in Sirjan. Summer residences of Mahan, Jopar, Rayn, KoohPayeh, and Prince Mahan Park are in Kerman.
Economy and Crafts in Kerman province
Carpet and rug weaving is one of the main industries of the city, and the carpets produced there are renowned internationally. Carpet weaving is a very old tradition in Kerman. The oldest carpet discovered in Kerman belongs to about 500 years ago, which proves the precedence of weaving in this city. Cashmere, Shore napped coarse, coarse and cotton textiles and goats-wool shawls also manufactured.
Kerman Airport counted as one of the main airports that have daily & weekly flights to main cities in the country. In addition, the Trans Iranian Railway passes through this city.
A number of modern establishments such as textile mills and brickworks also been constructed. The province’s mineral wealth includes copper and coal. Pistachio of Kerman and Rafsanjan are the best of the main items in Kerman province.