Iran recognizes 27 public holidays per year.The majority of Iran holidays are based on Islamic religious culture as well as political milestones commemorating a long struggle to obtain political freedom and equality.
Three calendars are in common use in Iran, including the Persian Solar calendar as the main and national calendar; the Gregorian calendar for international events and Christian holidays is used in dealing with foreigners, and the Islamic calendar (Lunar calendar) for Islamic holidays.
The Persian solar calendar, a direct descendant of the ancient Zoroastrian calendar, is calculated from the first day of spring in the year of the Hejira, the flight of the Prophet Mohammed from Mecca to Medina in AD 622. It has 365 days (366 every leap year), with its New Year (Nowruz) falling on 21 March according to the Western calendar.
|season||Spring (Bahar)||Summer (Tabestan)||Autumn (Pa’iz)||Winter (Zemestan)|
|Farvardin||21 Mar-20 Apr||Tir||22 Jun-22 Jul||Mehr||23 Sep-22 Oct||Dei||22 Dec-20 Jan|
|Ordibehesht||21 Apr-21 May||Mordad||23 Jul-22 Aug||Aban||23 Oct-21 Nov||Bahman||21 Jan-19 Feb|
|Khordad||22 May-21 Jun||Shahrivar||23 Aug-22 Sep||Azar||22 Nov-21 Dec||Esfand||20 Feb-20 Mar|
In Iran the common working week is 5-day work week, which runs from Saturday to Wednesday beginning 8:30 a.m. and end at 5 p.m. – 6 p.m. Iran is the only Islamic country with its weekends on Thursdays and Fridays.Friday is prayer day in Iran and other Islamic countries, so is a holiday But Thursdays are more flexible– public offices close on this day but Some companies work a half day on Thursday. Shops, supermarkets and malls are open seven days a week on most public holidays. Transport functions fairly normally and hotels remain open.
Museum work time depends on national holidays, Places like squares, cemeteries and urban symbols that are public are always open but places with specific protection framework ( museum, palace museum and cultural-historical places covered by the Cultural Heritage Organization), ticket sales, manpower such as guide, guard and etc. are closed only six days per year. These six days in 2018 : 4 June, 6 June , 9 July, 19 – 20 September, 7 November
Revolution Day Holidays
Revolution day holidays follow the Persian solar calendar, and usually fall on the same day each year according to the Western calendar.
Magnificent Victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran (11 February, 22 Bahman): The anniversary of Khomeini’s coming to power in 1979.
Islamic Republic Day (1 April, 12 Farvardin): The anniversary of the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979.
Heart-Rending Departure of the Great Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran (4 June, 14 Khordad): Commemorates the death of Ayatollah Khomeini in 1989.
Anniversary of the Arrest of Ayatollah Khomeini (5 June, 15 Khordad): In 1963 Khomeini was arrested after urging Muslims of the world to rise up against the superpowers.
Oil Nationalization Day (20 March, 29 Esfand): Commemorates the 1951 nationalization of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company.
Nowruz (21–24 March, 1–4 Farvardin): Iranian New Year.
Sizdah be Dar (2 April, 13 Farvardin): ‘Nature Day’ is the 13th day of the Iranian New Year, when Iranians traditionally leave their houses for the day.
Religious holidays follow the Muslim lunar calendar, which means the corresponding dates in the Western calendar move forward by 10 or 11 days every year.
Tasua (9 Moharram, 19 September 2018)
Ashura (10 Moharram, 20 September 2018): The anniversary of the martyrdom of Hossein, the third Shiite imam, in battle at Karbala in October AD 680
Arbaeen (20 Safar, 10 November 2018): The 40th day after Ashura.
Martyrdom of the Prophet Mohammed (28 Safar, 19 November 2018)
Martyrdom of Imam Reza (30 Safar, 9 November 2018)
Birth of the Prophet Mohammed (17 Rabi’-ol-Avval, 20 November 2018)
Martyrdom of Fatima (3 Jamadi-l-Okhra, 19 February 2018): Fatima was the daughter of Prophet Mohammed.
Birth of Imam Ali (13 Rajab, 30 March 2018)
Ascension of Holy Prophet (27 Rajab, 13 April 2018): Maabath.
Birthday of Imam Mahdi (15 Shaban, 1 May 2018)
Martyrdom of Imam Ali (21 Ramazan, 5 June 2018)
Eid al-Fitr (1 Shavval, 15 June 2018): The Festival of the Breaking of the Fast that marks the end of Ramadan. After sunset on the last day of Ramadan large meals are consumed across the country.
Martyrdom of Imam JafarSadegh (25 Shavval, 9 July 2018)
Eid-e Ghorban (10 Zu-l-Hejjeh, 22 August 2018): Marks the day when Abraham offered to sacrifice his son.