Tehran Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran and Located in the north center of the country. Tehran province borders, Mazandaran Province to the north, Semnan province to the east, Alborz province to the west, and Qom province to the south.

Climate

The northern part of the state is at the foot of the Alborz Mountain range has mild and semi-dry climate and southern part hot and dry during the summer Tehran: Tehran is the capital and largest city of Iran (Persia), the largest city in Southwest Asia and the administrative Center of Tehran Province. More than half of Iran’s industry based in Tehran; Industries include the manufacturing of automobiles, electronics and electrical equipment, textiles, sugar, cement, and chemical products. It is also a leading center for the sale of carpets and furniture.

There is an oil refinery south of the city Tehran is a sprawling City at the foot of the Alborz Mountain range with an immense network of highways unparalleled in Western Asia. It is also the hub of the country’s railway network. The city has numerous large museums, art centers, palace complexes and cultural centers. In the 20th century, Tehran faced a large migration of people from all around Iran.

History

Excavations place the existence of a settlement in Tehran as far back as 6000 BC E. Tehran was well- known as a village in the 9th century. In the early 13th century, following the destruction of Ray by Mongols, many of its inhabitants escaped to Tehran. Tehran became a residence of the Safavid rulers in the 17th century. Shah Tahmasp I built a bazaar and a wall around the city. On September 8, 1978, demonstration s against the Shah led to riots. The army reportedly opened fire on the peaceful demonstrating crowd. Revolution paralyzed the country; Muhammad Reza Pahlavi fled the country And Hazrat Ayatollah Khomeini on February 1, 1979, returned From France enthusiastically greeted by Millions of Iranians. Iran officially came to the Islamic Republic on April 1, 1979.

During the 1980 —1988 Iran Iraq War, Tehran was the scene of repeated Scud Missile and air strikes targeted residential and industrial area within the city, resulting in thousands of civilians’ casualties. Material damages repaired soon after each strike. After the war modern, high- rise buildings dominate the city’s skyline and anew modern apartments have and are replacing the few remaining old houses at a rapid pace.

Tourism and Attractions

Tehran’s Golestan Palace, National Museum of Iran, Sa’dabad Palace Complex, Glassware and Ceramics Museum of Iran, The Carpet Museum of Iran, Tehran’s Under glass painting Museum, and Niavaran Palace Complex. Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art features the works of great artists such as Van Gogh, Pablo Picasso, and Andy Warhol.

Tehran is also home to the Iranian Imperial Crown Jewels, also called the Imperial Crown Jewels of Persia, it is claimed to be the largest, most dazzling and valuable jewel collection in the world. The collection is comprised of a set of crowns and thrones, some 30 tiaras, numerous aigrettes, jewel-studded swords and shields, a vast amount of precious loose gems, including the largest collections of emeralds, rubies, and diamonds in the world. The Imperial Crown Jewels are still on display in the Iranian Central Bank in Tehran.

Museums

Golestan Palace, is the oldest of the historic monuments in Tehran, National Museum of Iran, Kolahstudio-an Art Basement, Sa’d Abad Gallery of Fine Arts, Glassware Museum of Tehran, Iran’s National Rug Gallery, Reza Abbasi Museum, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Tehran Theater of the Performing Arts (Te’atre Shahr), Niavaran Palace, Kolahstudio-an Art Basement, Sa’d Abad Gallery of Fine Arts Glassware Museum of Tehran, Iran’s National Rug Gallery, Reza Abbasi Museum, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Talar Vahdat Theater, National Museum of Iran, Darabad Museum of Natural History , Saadabad Palace, (Persian site), Time Museum, Evolution of time-measurement instruments. Located in Farmaniye district, north of Tehran Money Museum, coins, and banknotes from different historical periods. Located in Mirdamad street, Darabad Museum of Natural History, Saadabad Palace (Persian site).

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