Cultural Life

Iran enjoys a life of wide variety. There are several festive occasions. The most important being Naw Ruz, the Persian New Year, and the Birthday of Twelfth Imam. The New Year celebration beings on 21st March and continues until the 13th day of the new year, being a day for picnicking in the countryside. A tradition related to this celebration is setting seven objects being of symbolic value on a piece of cloth called “Sofreh”. The name of each symbol begins with an [s] sound. At the very beginning of the new year, all members of the family sit at the Sofreh.

Being a country of great antiquity, Iran’s architecture is wonderfully rich in variety. Some of its best examples of Takht-e Jamshid or Persepolis historical buildings of Esfahan, Castel of Bam, Ziggurat of Chogha Zanbil, villages of Abyaneh and Masuleh (in Kashan and Gilan respectively), and many majestic mosques throughout Iran.

Carpet looms dot the country. Each locality uses a special design and quality of carpet that bears its name, such as Kashan, Kerman, and Isfahan. The most widespread techniques for ornamentation are engraving, chiseling, gilding, damascening, encrustation and embossing, Potteries are also widely scattered throughout Iran.

Literature is of high significance in Iran. Hafez, Sa’di, Khayyam, and Ferdowsi are among great Iranian poets, being world-famous. Khayyam is Known to English readers especially through the translation of his Rubaiyat (quatrains) by Edward Fitz Gerald. Hafez is considered that greatest of Persian Lyric poets.

The all-weather roads. The railway system, the airports in major cities and provincial capitals, and the hotels and other accommodation facilities contribute to the thriving of the Iranian tourist industry. The warm-hearted and hospitable people welcome the visitors.

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